Earlier this summer J. Wiley & Sons published a new book called “Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting, Combating the Real Danger from Fake Drugs” by Mark Davison, CEO of Blue Sphere Health, a pharmaceutical consultancy. I pre-ordered it on Amazon.com in the spring and it was finally delivered in July. You may have noticed the image and link I added to the left margin under “RxTrace Recommends” shortly after I started reading it. The hardbound book is 400 pages, including the main text, notes, references, glossary and index, but it took me until now to finish reading it. I’ve been so busy lately that I could only read a few pages at a time, that is until my vacation when I finally had time to sit down and read the whole book.
The book is broken up into five parts. Part 1, General Themes, provides an in-depth examination of the problem of drug counterfeiting around the world including its formal definition, the origins, costs, risks, and the contrast (and controversy) between intellectual property and anti-counterfeiting. In the last chapter of Part 1, Davison explains the difference between “Traceability” and “Authentication”. He points out that the term “Traceability” is sometimes known as “digital authentication”, where the term “Authentication” by itself is usually used to Continue reading Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting, A First-Rate New Resource
The Partnership for Safe Medicines has announced that discounted registration to their Interchange 2011 meeting will end on September 15th. That’s next Thursday. So if you were thinking about attending, make your decision now and register through this link before the end of next Thursday. After that the fees will increase.
If you are not familiar with the PSM organization or their Interchange gathering I suggest that Continue reading Discounts For PSM Interchange 2011 End Next Week
For the first time in over two years the topic of pedigree appears on the agenda of the California Board of Pharmacy for their upcoming meeting on September 7. Earlier this year in a presentation at the FDA Track & Trace Workshop Board Executive Office Virginia Herald mentioned that the Board would take up the topics of inference, drop shipments, decommissioning and linkage between shipping orders and invoices at a future meeting in 2011. It’s hard to tell if those will be the actual topics discussed in next week’s meeting because they aren’t called out explicitly. Here is the item as it actually appears on the agenda: Continue reading California Board of Pharmacy Re-awaken
Last year at this time I started an annual estimate of the rise in the percentage of drugs in the U.S. supply chain that will have serial numbers attached. Click here to read last year’s essay that explains the concept. It’s not an estimate of the actual percentage today. Rather, it’s a prediction of the rise from an immeasurably small percentage in early 2010 to 100% at some time in the future. My plan is to revisit my prediction each year at this time to see how it is faring. (click the drawing to enlarge it.)
Last year I said I would need to update my prediction if anything in the legal landscape changes. Nothing has really changed in the last year that would lead me to change my prediction so here is my graph with no changes to the data over last year. I have simply updated the year and placed an arrow on the X-axis to show the current point in time.
As I pointed out last year, it will be kind of hard to tell how well my prediction is doing if some authority with the means to measure the actual percentage doesn’t step up and make it public. In the last 12 months no entity has stepped up to Continue reading Estimated Rise in Serialized Drugs in The U.S. Supply Chain, 2011
Last week the Pew Prescription Project, an arm of the Pew Charitable Trust, released a report on the risks of substandard and counterfeit drugs. This is a meticulously researched report that will likely be used by legislators and regulators to better understand the problems and potential solutions of U.S. pharmaceutical supply chain security. For this reason it is a must-read for anyone interested in the topics that RxTrace routinely explores. You can get a copy of the full report PDF, view the associated webcast and graphic here: After Heparin: Protecting Americans from the Risks of Substandard and Counterfeit Drugs. I’ll have more to say about the webcast in a subsequent essay.
According to the “Introduction and Background”,
“The U.S. Congress, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the pharmaceutical industry and other organizations have renewed their commitments to remedy existing weaknesses. This white paper seeks to inform these efforts by presenting a holistic picture of the pharmaceutical supply chain and its problems (illustrated by case studies), and to propose a set of meaningful reforms that will better protect patients.”
The report is 77 pages of text with 24 additional pages of references. The text is peppered with numbered references for those who want more details on a particular topic.
There are three Chapters.
- Pharmaceutical Manufacturing: Globalization and Quality Management
- Barriers to FDA Oversight
- Pharmaceutical Distribution
Chapter 1 contains Continue reading Pew Prescription Project: After Heparin
RxTrace just completed its second year of publication. In the last 12 months there have been a total of 28 new essays that attempted to shed light on issues and ideas that fall within the intersection of the pharmaceutical supply chain, track and trace technology, standards and regulator compliance.
Here is the complete list ordered by the total number of hits over the entire year. Continue reading RxTrace: Sophomore Effort
I recently published an essay on RxTrace called “Plateaus of Pharma Supply Chain Security” in which I proposed that a better timeline for the introduction of technology to secure the U.S. pharmaceutical supply chain was one based on plateaus. Each succeeding plateau would add the adoption of new technology and/or data communications among the participants in the supply chain with the intent of elevating the security over the previous plateau.
In that essay I included illustrative dates for each of the four plateaus that I offered as an example of the concept, but you could easily imagine the overall program having open-ended dates that would allow the supply chain to adopt one plateau at a time and move to the next plateau only if/when a security problem is discovered at the current plateau. That is, jump to the next plateau only when necessary. Taking this approach, you may never actually need to get to the later plateaus.
For example, imagine that the first plateau were for manufacturers to serialize all drugs at the pharmacy-saleable package level (what I normally call “unit-level”) with an FDA Standardized Numeric Identifier (SNI) and all supply chain owners of drugs were to read the SNI’s and simply keep records of who they bought them from and who they sold them to.
With no data communications between trading partners that includes the SNI’s it might seem that little
security has been gained over what is done today. But this small step (“small” compared to a full pedigree or track & trace system) would allow criminal Continue reading SNI’s Are Not Enough In a Plateau-Based Supply Chain Security Approach